How thick does a concrete retaining wall need to be?
Base thickness = 1/8 of the height of the wall but not less than 12 inches. Stem thickness = 6 inches + ¼ inch for each foot of wall height.
What is the easiest retaining wall to build?
While retaining walls of this type are relatively inexpensive, they can be difficult to repair or remove. For the average do-it-yourselfer, building a retaining wall is easiest when using masonry blocks that will be stacked no taller than three feet, with no mortar binding the stones or concrete members.
How do you build a simple retaining wall?
Build the Retaining Wall
- Step 1: Prepare the First Row. …
- Step 2: Level the First Block. …
- Step 3: Lay the First Row. …
- Step 4: Adjust for Level. …
- Step 5: Prepare for the Second Row. …
- Step 6: Cut a Block to Start the Second Row. …
- Step 7: Begin Laying the Second Row. …
- Step 8: Add Landscape Fabric.
Do I need drainage behind retaining wall?
Drainage. Third, since most retaining walls are impervious, which means water cannot pass through the wall itself, efficient drainage is crucial. When drainage goes unaddressed hydrostatic pressure will build up behind the wall and cause damage such as bulging or cracking.
WHY DO Retaining walls fail?
The reasons for these types of failures are lack of proper reinforcement, improper drainage behind the wall (lack of weep holes or clogged holes), foundation footing problems, settlement or expansion of the soil, overloading of the wall, construction errors, and/or other design errors.
What is the cheapest wall to build?
What is the cheapest retaining wall material?
- Treated pine and is the least expensive material. …
- Hardwood is more expensive than treated pine. …
- Railway sleepers are another – slightly more expensive – option and are built to withstand ground and water contact.
- Concrete sleepers are more expensive.
What can I use instead of a retaining wall?
An alternative to retaining walls are typically metal mesh gabion baskets filled with stones. These present different options for introducing creative elements to your garden and landscaping. Garden walls with stone embankment – plantable. This is a great combination of design and functionality.
What slope requires a retaining wall?
A few things to keep in mind are: What is the slope? If the slope is greater than a 3:1, consult with an engineer. If the slope is over 2:1, it will require structures or special stabilization techniques.
What type of retaining wall is best?
Timber and inter-locking-concrete-block walls are great DIY retaining wall ideas. Mortared masonry and poured concrete ones are usually best left to a mason.
How deep should a footing be for a retaining wall?
The general rule of thumb is to bury about one-eighth of the height of the wall. For example, if your wall will be three feet (36 inches) tall, the first course of blocks should start five inches below soil level. The gravel base should start three inches below this.
What is the best retaining wall system?
VERSA-LOK retaining wall systems are cost-effective, easy-to-install, and give you endless design options. VERSA-LOK segmental retaining walls are made from high-strength concrete units, dry-stacked, interlocked with pins, and set on granular leveling pads. These mortarless walls do not need frost footings.
How do you build a 4 foot retaining wall?
Shovel at least a 4-inch layer of gravel onto the landscape fabric. Grade this layer so it slopes 1 inch for every 4 feet, allowing water to drain away. Then lay in 4-inch perforated PVC drainpipe at the base of the wall and cover it with gravel. Shovel in backfill as you build the wall, one tier at a time.
How many blocks do I need for retaining wall?
To estimate how many blocks you’ll need per row, divide the total length of the wall by the length of the block. To figure out how many rows you’ll need, divide the ideal wall height by the height of the block. Make sure to account for the first row being half-buried.