How should a retaining wall be built?
retaining wall blocks
- Step 1: Dig the Trench.
- Step 2: Create a Building Base.
- Step 3: Lay the First Course of Blocks.
- Step 4: Build the Additional Courses.
- Step 5: Finish the Retaining Wall.
What is the easiest retaining wall to build?
While retaining walls of this type are relatively inexpensive, they can be difficult to repair or remove. For the average do-it-yourselfer, building a retaining wall is easiest when using masonry blocks that will be stacked no taller than three feet, with no mortar binding the stones or concrete members.
How deep should the footing be for a retaining wall?
A concrete footing should be 100mm deep by 300mm wide if the footing is for a free standing wall. The footing should be increased to 150mm deep and 450mm wide if the wall being built is a retaining wall. For larger retaining walls an engineer may need to be approached for advice.
Do I need drainage behind retaining wall?
Drainage. Third, since most retaining walls are impervious, which means water cannot pass through the wall itself, efficient drainage is crucial. When drainage goes unaddressed hydrostatic pressure will build up behind the wall and cause damage such as bulging or cracking.
How long does a retaining wall last?
between 50 and 100 years
What type of retaining wall is best?
Timber and inter-locking-concrete-block walls are great DIY retaining wall ideas. Mortared masonry and poured concrete ones are usually best left to a mason.
What is the least expensive retaining wall?
What is the cheapest retaining wall material?
- Treated pine and is the least expensive material. …
- Hardwood is more expensive than treated pine. …
- Railway sleepers are another – slightly more expensive – option and are built to withstand ground and water contact.
- Concrete sleepers are more expensive.
What can I use instead of a retaining wall?
An alternative to retaining walls are typically metal mesh gabion baskets filled with stones. These present different options for introducing creative elements to your garden and landscaping. Garden walls with stone embankment – plantable. This is a great combination of design and functionality.
WHY DO Retaining walls fail?
The reasons for these types of failures are lack of proper reinforcement, improper drainage behind the wall (lack of weep holes or clogged holes), foundation footing problems, settlement or expansion of the soil, overloading of the wall, construction errors, and/or other design errors.
What slope requires a retaining wall?
A few things to keep in mind are: What is the slope? If the slope is greater than a 3:1, consult with an engineer. If the slope is over 2:1, it will require structures or special stabilization techniques.
How thick do retaining walls need to be?
Rules of thumb commonly used by designers to establish the geometry of the wall include (refer to diagram): Base width = 1/2 to 1/3 of the height of the wall. Base thickness = 1/8 of the height of the wall but not less than 12 inches. Stem thickness = 6 inches + ¼ inch for each foot of wall height.
How many blocks do I need for retaining wall?
To estimate how many blocks you’ll need per row, divide the total length of the wall by the length of the block. To figure out how many rows you’ll need, divide the ideal wall height by the height of the block. Make sure to account for the first row being half-buried.
What are the types of retaining wall?
The Four Basic Types of Retaining Walls
- Gravity Retaining Wall. The most basic of retaining walls, the gravity retaining wall uses sheer weight and mass to hold the soil at bay. …
- Cantilevered Retaining Wall. …
- Sheet Piling Retaining Wall. …
- Anchored Retaining Wall.